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Some of these works I have quoted on my quotations page.

Listed alphabetically by surname of the author.

Aland, Kurt.

A standard critical Greek new testament from one of our foremost textual scholars.

Greek and Latin new testament.

Allen, Leslie C.

A Word Biblical commentary.

A Word Biblical commentary.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Anderson, Arnold A.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Aune, David E.

A trio of Word Biblical commentaries on the ever-intriguing apocalypse of John.

Bauckham, Richard.

Bauckham edits this fascinating challenge to the notion that the gospels were written only for individual communities. The contributers are Michael B. Thompson, Loveday Alexander, Richard A. Burridge, Stephen C. Barton, and Francis Watson, besides Bauckham himself.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Beasley-Murray, George.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Belleville, Linda.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Berkhof, Louis.

New Testament Introduction.

Read it online.

Brenton, Lancelot C.

Brown, Charles Thomas.

Brown, Raymond.

Detailed dissection of the infancy narratives.

Brown has probably done more work on the Johannine writings than any other scholar in history.

Detailed dissection of the passion narratives.

One of the better introductions to the New Testament.

Brown did not write this entire volume. He was just one of the editors. Fine one-volume commentary.

Bruce, A. B.

Training of the Twelve.

Read it online.

Bruce, F. F.

One of the truly great conservative scholars.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Very nice introduction to matters of canon and authority.

The New Testament Documents.

Read it online.

Budd, Philip J.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Bultmann, Rudolf.

Jesus and the Word.

Read it online.

Kerygma and Myth.

Read it online.

Bush, Frederic.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Butler, Basil Christopher.

The Originality of St. Matthew.

A classic work on the synoptic problem, written from the Augustinian point of view (Matthew first, then Mark with knowledge of Matthew, then Luke with knowledge of both Matthew and Mark). Inspired many after him to question the dominant two-source hypothesis.

Butler, Trent C.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Another Word Biblical commentary.

Byrne, Brendan.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Carlson, Stephen C.

His first book, and I have reviewed it.

Charles, R. H.


Co-authored with Cross. Original languages with English translation.

Christensen, Duane L.

Both are Word Biblical commentaries.

Clines, David J. A.

A pair of Word Biblical commentaries.

Collins, Raymond F.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Conybeare, F. C.

Greek and English text of the life of Apollonius, a work often referenced for comparison with Jesus of Nazareth, since Apollonius was said to work miracles as well. Loeb edition.

Craigie, Peter C.

A Word Biblical commentary.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Cross, Frank Moore.

Co-authored with Charlesworth. Original languages with English translation.

Crossan, J. D.

I recommend reading Crossan alongside N. T. Wright. The two are virtual opposites in their approach to the historical Jesus. Good way to get a well-rounded picture.

Excellent dissection of the didache, as well as an inventoried comparison of the gospel of Thomas and the hypothetical Q. Good discussion of the gospel of Peter. Texts cited in English, not in the original. Controversial, but insightful, division of the Jesus tradition into the life tradition, represented by the didache, Q, and the gospel of Thomas, and the death tradition, represented by the gospel of Peter and the epistles of Paul. The canonical four, then, combine these traditions.

A deep analysis of the gospel of Peter and the corresponding passion narratives in the canonical gospels. Crossan at his driest, certainly, but perhaps also at his most insightful. He brings a brilliantly diverse selection of texts, as usual, to bear on the passion. His distinction between history remembered and prophecy historicized is clearly enunciated and explained.

A probe into four lost or fragmented gospels: The secret gospel of Mark, papyrus Egerton 2, and the respective gospels of Thomas and Peter. Crossan argues for either the independence or even the priority of each of these texts with respect to the canonical four. Useful introduction to these texts.

A trove of information gleaned and sifted from the full spectrum of early Christian texts. Methodological approach combining the chronological stratification of the texts with the principle of multiple attestation. Superb inventories of the Jesus material based on this methodology. Mesmerizing prose.

Davies, Stevan L.

The title fits. Davies sees Jesus as an ecstatic healer. Texts cited in translation. Several good lists.

A very good defense of the gospel of Thomas as rooted in the Jewish wisdom tradition, and not in a full-fledged gnostic setting.

Read it online: Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8.

Devries, Simon J.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Dillard, Raymond B.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Donahue, John R.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Dunn, James D. G.

A Word Biblical commentary.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Durham, John I.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Edmundson, George.

The Church in Rome in the First Century.

Download it in .pdf format.

Ehrman, Bart D.

Epstein, Isidore.

The Babylonian talmud in 30 volumes.

Only $850.00....

Evans, Craig.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Farmer, William R.

This was the book that revived the Greisbach hypothesis in the United States. A modern classic for that very reason. So far as textual excavation is concerned, a bit shallow. Generalizations and lessons in the history of the synoptic problem abound. Tables, charts, lists, and citations from the original languages are much fewer.

Farrer, Frederic

The Life of Christ.

Read it online.

Freedman, David Noel.

The Leningrad codex is the oldest complete copy of the Hebrew scriptures. David Noel Freedman is a leading Hebrew scholar. Put them together, and you cannot go wrong with this book.

Friedman, Richard E.

English text only. JEPD hypothesis.

Source criticism of the books of Samuel.

This book was my introduction to the JEPD hypothesis. A good one. Texts are cited in English only. Not for the expert. Beginners only.

Getty, Mary Ann

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Goldingay, John E.

An excellent Word Biblical commentary. Very thorough.

Goodacre, Mark.

From a scholar working within the Farrer framework. Goodacre argues that Q is an unnecessary document, hypothetically speaking. Luke simply borrowed from Matthew. Great discussion of editorial fatigue.

Gordon, Cyrus.

Guelich, Robert A.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Hagner, Donald A.

The Word Biblical commentaries for the gospel of Matthew.

Harrington, Daniel J.

The following are Sacra Pagina commentaries.

Harrington, Wilfrid J.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Hartley, John E.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Hawkins, John.

Textual excavation at its very finest. The phrase horae synopticae is Latin for synoptic hours. Hawkins named his book after all the time that he spent on the synoptic problem. And it shows. He compiles list after list of textual phenomena: Historical presents, distinctive vocabulary words, doublets, and many, many others.

Hawkins himself subscribed to the two-source hypothesis, but this book is a must-have for anyone interested in the relationship between the synoptics, regardless of position. It is, quite simply, without peer in its field.

Hawthorne, Gerald F.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Hengel, Martin.

An excellent primer on what must have been the most feared method of execution in antiquity.

Hill, Charles E.

Fine work on the Johannine books of the New Testament (the gospel, apocalypse, and three epistles of John).

Hobbs, T. R.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Holmes, Michael.

The most recent standard edition of the apostolic fathers: Clement, Barnabas, Hermas, Papias, Polycarp, Ignatius, and Diognetus, all in the original Greek and in English translation on facing pages. A very nice edition.

Hubbard, David A.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Jeremias, Joachim.

A great scholar on the historical Jesus.

The Central Message of the New Testament.

Read it online.

The Lord's Prayer.

Read it online.

Read it online.

Jewish Public Society of America.

Johnson, Luke Timothy.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Another Sacra Pagina commentary.

Keown, Gerald.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Klein, Ralph W.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Kloppenborg, John S.

I love the title! (For obvious reasons.)

A fine outing for this premiere Q scholar. Many charts, tables, and lists pertaining to the hypothetical document Q. One does not have to subscribe to the two-source hypothesis to learn much from this tome.

Koester, Helmut.

Lake, Kirsopp.

Kirsopp Lake edited some of the old standard editions of the apostolic fathers in Greek. The following are Loeb titles, with both the original Greek and English translation on facing pages.

Kirsopp Lake

Landmarks in the History of Early Christianity.

Read it online.

Lambrecht, Jan.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Lane, William L.

Two Word Biblical commentaries.

Lightfoot, John.

A Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica.

Read it online.

Lightfoot, J. B.

The Apostolic Fathers.

Read it online.

The Brethren of the Lord.

Read it online.

On Some Points Connected with the Essenes.

Read it online.

Lincoln, Andrew T.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Linnemann, Eta.

Not according to Linnemann.

Loisy, Alfred.

The Birth of the Christian Religion.

Read it online.

The Origins of the New Testament.

Read it online.

Longenecker, Richard N.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Lord, Albert Bates.

The oral tradition of the Slavic singers compared to that of the Homeric bards.

MacDonald, Dennis R.

Controversial comparison of Homer and Mark. Did the latter compose his gospel on the basis of the former?

MacDonald, Margaret.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Mack, Burton.

Malina, Bruce.

With Richard L. Rohrbaugh.

With Richard L. Rohrbaugh.

With John J. Pilch.

Martin, Ralph P.

The following are both Word Biblical commentaries.

Martínez, Florentino García.

A must-have if you wish to study the Dead Sea scrolls. Hebrew text with English translation.

Matera, Frank J.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Meeks, Wayne.

Excellent prosopographical look at the epistles of Paul.

Meier, John P.

All the volumes in his series on the historical Jesus are very useful guides. Much fodder for textual excavation. I recommend reading them through once or twice from start to finish, then keeping them around as reference works; Meier is very thorough.

The alliteration of problem with person in the title would seem coincidental were it not for the respective titles of volumes 2 and 3....

General background information needed for the study of the historical Jesus. Excellent discussion of the possible dates of his the birth, death, and ministry.

Continuing the theme of alliterated titles....

The mentor in the title is John the baptist. The message has much to do with the kingdom of God. The nature miracles are distinguished from healings and exorcisms.

Too bad marginal did not alliterate with Jew....

A study of the various groups around Jesus. First his companions: The collective group of followers, his chosen disciples, the inner circle. Then his competitors: Pharisees, priests, scribes, et alii.

Metzger, Bruce M.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Excellent introduction to canonical issues.

Excellent introduction to textual criticism.

Meyer, Marvin.

Michaels, Ramsey.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Moloney, Francis J.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Mounce, William D.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Muraoka Takamitsu.

Murphy, Roland E.

Consecutive Word Biblical commentaries.

Neirynck, F.

The textbook on the agreements of Matthew and Luke against Mark. No one can study the synoptic problem for long without reckoning with the data that Neirynck assembles.

Newman, Carey C.

Various scholarly reactions to the recent work of N. T. Wright.

Nolland, John.

A trio of Word Biblical commentaries.

Orchard, John B.

A standard synopsis from a scholar of the Greisbach perspective. One does not have to subscribe to the two-gospel hypothesis to appreciate a synopsis from someone who does.

Painter, John.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Pilch, John J.

With Bruce Malina.

Ramsey, William M.

The Church in the Roman Empire Before A. D. 170.

Read it online.

The First Christian Century.

Read it online.

A Historical Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Galatians.

Read it online.

The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia.

Read it online.

St. Paul the Traveler and the Roman Citizen.

Read it online.

Renan, Ernest.

The Life of Jesus.

Read it online.

Richard, Earl J.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Robinson, J. A. T.

Taking the fourth canonical gospel seriously, for a change, as a source for the historical Jesus (not just as a source for Johannine theology).

Every single book dated to before 70. Some good, and too often overlooked, arguments. Read it online.

Rohrbaugh, Richard L.

With Bruce Malina.

With Bruce Malina.

Sacra Pagina.

Roman Catholic commentary series.

Sanders, E. P.

A new perspective, so to speak, on Jesus.

The first strains of the new perspective on Paul.

Schoedel, William R.

Schweitzer, Albert.

The classic work on the historical Jesus as apocalyptic prophet.

Read it online.

Scrivener, Frederick H.

The important codex Bezae (D) in the original. I do not own this book.

But I wish I did.

Senior, Donald.

A Sacra Pagina commentary.

Smith, Morton.

The classic presentation of the secret gospel of Mark. Includes Greek text and translation.

Smith, Ralph L.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Stowers, Stanley K.

From the new perspective on Paul. Stowers is too often overlooked as a Pauline scholar.

A modern classic.

Good work on the epistle to the Romans. The new perspective on Paul shines through.

Strauss, David Friedrich.

This was the classic work that (mercifully) brought the old rationalistic miracle debates to a close. Good work from a skeptical mind.

Read it online.

Streeter, Burnett Hillman.

The Four Gospels.

The work that made the two-source hypothesis the dominant theory of synoptic relations, even though Streeter actually proposes four sources (Mark, Q, M, and L) and deals just as thoroughly with the fourth canonical gospel as with the synoptic three.

Read it online.

Stuart, Douglas.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Tate, Marvin E.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Theissen, Gerd.

Trevett, Christine.

Tuckett, Christopher M.

A critique of the two-gospel hypothesis that Mark conflated Matthew and Luke.

Walton, Steven.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Watts, John D. W.

These are Word Biblical commentaries.

Wells, G. A.

Wells is, in my humble opinion, the best representative of that school of thought that would regard Jesus entirely as a legend. Fun to read, agree or not.

Wells could probably prove that his own mother did not exist.

Makes one think about what the apostle Paul really meant when he wrote certain things.

Wenham, Gordon.

Both of these works are Word Biblical commentaries.

Wenham, John.

A defense of the Augustinian hypothesis that Matthew wrote first, then Mark, then Luke. Citations go back to the original Greek.

Williamson, H. G. M.

A Word Biblical commentary.

Word Biblical Commentary.

Probably my favorite commentary series. Overall conservative (evangelical) perspective, but pretty fair to all sides.

Have $999.99 just lying around? You can get the entire Word Biblical series on .

Wright, N. T.

This relatively unknown little book actually contains what I regard as some of the best stuff that Wright has produced. He is unmatched in elucidating certain obscure passages in the new testament.

This book is part two in the landmark series. It takes up where The New Testament and the People of God leaves off. Its method is to analyze the words and deeds of Jesus just as they stand in the canonical gospels in an attempt to see if they make sense as they are, without resorting much to redaction criticism. Try reading this book alongside The Historical Jesus by Crossan. The two perspectives could scarcely be more opposite, and you will come away knowing much more than you do now about Jesus of Nazareth.

An excellent effort.

Wright likes long book titles.

This volume is part one of his series on early Christianity. This one sets the tone and gives the background for what is to come. Ancient works are cited in translation, but in great numbers and in extenso, as well.

It is in this book that Wright begins to make his case for a reconsideration of Jewish (and, by extension, Christian) eschatology.

Part three of the series on the origins of Christianity.

Wright writes from the new perspective on Paul. A refreshing change from the old theological paradigms. Much more faithful to the text.

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