The controversy over fasting.
Matthew 9.14-17 = Mark 2.18-22 = Luke 5.33-39 (John 3.25-36).
Current mode: View.
Notes and quotes.
§ I count the following
agreements between Matthew and
Luke against Mark:
- Matthew 9.14 uses προς
(toward) as a prefix in the verb προσερχονται
(they come toward), and Luke 5.33 uses the preposition
προς on its own, while Mark
2.18 has no parallel prefix or preposition.
- Matthew 9.14 has νηστευομεν
πολλα (we fast much); Luke 5.33 has
πυκνα (they fast often).
Mark 2.18 simply has νηστευουσιν
(they fast), without modifier.
- Matthew 9.16 and Luke 5.36 both have
(puts upon or casts upon) where Mark 2.21 has
- Matthew 9.16 follows the preposition
απο (away from)
with the article and noun (or substantive) του
ιματιου (the clothing);
Luke 5.36 follows the preposition
with the article and substantive adjective του
καινου (the new).
But Mark 2.21 follows the preposition
with the pronominal αυτου
- Matthew 9.17 and Luke 5.37 each have the almost untranslatable particle
γε, while Mark 2.22 lacks it.
- Matthew 9.17 has εκχειται
(pours out or is poured out) and Luke 5.37 has
(will be poured out) where Mark 2.22 has no parallel.
- Matthew 9.17 and Luke 5.37 each have the plural verb
(perish) with ασκοι
(skins or wineskins) as its subject, while Mark 2.22 has the
singular verb απολλυται
(perishes) with οινον
(wine) as its subject.
- Matthew 9.17 has βαλλουσιν
(they put) and Luke 5.38 has
(must be put) where Mark 2.22 has no parallel.
The last three agreements I combine as a
§ From Thomas
No man drinks old wine and immediately desires to
drink new wine. And new wine is not put into old wineskins, lest they
burst. Nor is old wine put into a new wineskin, lest it spoil it. An old
patch is not sewn onto a new garment, because there would be a
They said to Jesus: Come pray today and fast.
Jesus said: What is the sin that I have committed, or in what have they
won over me? But, when the bridegroom comes out of the bridal chamber,
then let them fast and pray.
§ This pericope is also available in
somewhat different format in a file supplied by a correspondent
of mine named Ovadyah,
who has modified certain synopses
by S. C. Carlson in order to take broad text types into