Lucan parallels to Olivet.

Three blocks of Lucan apocalyptic material.


All three of our synoptic gospels describe a dominical eschatological discourse a few days before the crucifixion. The passages are Matthew 24.1-25.46 = Mark 13.1-37 = Luke 21.5-36. This discourse is often called the Olivet discourse, since both Matthew 24.3 and Mark 13.3 locate it on the mount by that name near Jerusalem. Luke 21.5, 37-38 appears to locate it in closer proximity to the temple.

Matthew and Mark both basically confine the material making up the Olivet discourse to the discourse itself; that is, one does not have to hunt for a Marcan parallel to any part of the Matthean discourse outside of Olivet, nor does one have to hunt for a Matthean parallel to any part of the Marcan discourse outside of Olivet.*

* Matthew 24.9-14 = Mark 13.9-13 is a strange case, since Matthew 10.17-25 is actually a closer parallel for Mark 13.9-13 than Matthew 24.9-14 is. Nevertheless, Matthew still has its parallel for this pericope on Olivet, so it is not actually an exception.

Luke, however, is a different story. This gospel actually has three separate blocks of material which contain parallels to the Matthean and Marcan versions of Olivet. One block is obvious, to wit, the Lucan version of Olivet. The other two blocks are Luke 12.35-48 and Luke 17.20-37.

In the table that follows, the single † and double ‡ daggers mark two pericopes whose order has been mixed between gospels in a way difficult to represent on a contiguous table; a hyphen indicates that a gospel lacks any parallel to the pericope in question; and a tilde ~ indicates that a gospel has a parallel to the pericope in question, but not in conjunction with Olivet. This table, then, lays out the three Lucan blocks with relation to the Matthean and Marcan versions of Olivet:

Matthew. Mark. Luke.
24.1-3. Not one stone. 13.1-4. Not one stone. 21.5-7. Not one stone.
24.4-8. The birth pangs. 13.5-8. The birth pangs. 21.8-11. The signs from heaven.
24.9-14. Delivered up. 13.9-13. Delivered up. 21.12-19. Delivered up.
24.15-16. The abomination of desolation. 13.14. The abomination of desolation. 21.20-21a. The armies encircling Jerusalem.
24.17-18. Housetop and field. 13.15-16. Housetop and field.
24.19-22. Great tribulation. 13.17-20. Great tribulation. 21.21b-24. Days of vengeance.
24.23-25. False prophets. 13.21-23. False prophets. -
24.26-28. Like lightning. -
24.29-31. Coming on the clouds. 13.24-27. Coming on the clouds. 21.25-28. Coming on the clouds.
24.32-36. The parable of the fig tree. 13.28-32. The parable of the fig tree. 21.29-33. The parable of the fig tree.
- - 21.34-36. Be on guard.
- - 17.20-21. When and where.
- 17.22-25. Like lightning.
24.37-39. The days of Noah. - 17.26-30. The days of Noah and Lot.
17.31-32. Housetop and field.
~ ~ 17.33. Finding and losing.
24.40-42. One taken, another left. - 17.34-37. One taken, another left.
- 13.33-37. The parable of the watchful servants. 12.35-38. The parable of the watchful servants.
24.43-44. A thief in the night. - 12.39-40. A thief.
24.45-51. The parable of the wise servant. - 12.41-48. The parable of the wise steward.
25.1-13. The parable of the virgins. - -
24.14-30. The parable of the talents. - ~
24.31-46. The parable of the sheep and the goats. - -

Of the two pericopes marked with daggers, one (Matthew 24.17-18 = Mark 13.15-16 = Luke 17.31-32) finds a place in both the Matthean and the Marcan versions of Olivet, but not the Lucan, while the other (Matthew 24.26-28 = Luke 17.22-25) is lacking in Mark entirely, falls into Olivet in Matthew, and into a different block in Luke.

Let us remark on Luke with relation to Mark. Two Marcan pericopes from Olivet are moved to a different block in Luke, to wit, Mark 13.15-16 and 13.33-37. Only one Marcan pericope, namely Mark 13.21-23, is omitted in Luke. Quite a few Lucan pericopes, however, are omitted in Mark: Luke 21.34-36, all six of the pericopes in Luke 17.20-37, and the two pericopes in Luke 12.39-48.

As for Luke with relation to Matthew, six Matthean pericopes from Olivet are moved to a different block in Luke, to wit, Matthew 24.17-18; 24.26-28; 24.37-39; 24.40-42; 24.43-44; and 24.45-51. Three Matthean pericopes are omitted in Luke, namely Matthew 24.23-25; 25.1-13; and 24.31-46. Another, the parable of the talents in Matthew 24.14-30, shows up as the parable of the pounds in Luke 19.11-27. Three Lucan pericopes are omitted in Matthew: Luke 21.34-36; 17.20-21; and 12.35-38.

The Lucan pericope in 17.33 finds a parallel at Matthew 10.39, and also at Matthew 16.25-26 = Mark 8.35-37 = Luke 9.24-25. It is, then, a doublet both in Matthew and in Luke.