The mystery of the kingdom.

Matthew 13.10-15 = Mark 4.10-12 = Luke 8.9-10  (John 12.37-43).

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Notes and quotes.

§ I count the following agreements between Matthew and Luke against Mark:

  1. Matthew 13.10 and Luke 8.9 have οι μαθηται (the disciples) where Mark 4.10 has οι περι αυτον συν τοις δωδεκα (those around him with the twelve).
  2. Matthew 13.10 uses the relative pronoun τι as part of the expression δια τι (why). Luke 8.9 uses the relative pronoun τις (who or what). Mark 4.10 has a different construction with no parallel word.
  3. Matthew 13.11 has ο δε... ειπεν (but he... said). Luke 8.10 has ο δε ειπεν (but he said). Mark 4.11 has και ελεγεν (and he was saying).
  4. Matthew 13.11 and Luke 8.10 each have υμιν δεδοται γνωναι τα μυστηρια της βασιλειας (to you it has been given to know the mysteries of the kingdom). Mark 4.11 has υμιν το μυστηριον δεδοται της βασιλειας (to you the mystery of the kingdom has been given). A major agreement.

§ Thomas 41:

ΠΕϪΕ Ι̅C̅ ϪΕ ΠΕΤΕΥΝ̅ΤΑϤ ϨΝ̅ΤΕϤϬΙϪ CΕΝΑϮ ΝΑϤ ΑΥΩ ΠΕΤΕΜΝ̅ΤΑϤ ΠΚΕϢΗΜ ΕΤΟΥΝ̅ΤΑϤ CΕΝΑϤΙΤϤ̅ Ν̅ΤΟΟΤϤ.

Jesus said: Whoever has something in his hand, they will give him more, and whoever has nothing, they will take away from his hand the little that he has.