Plucking grain on the sabbath.

Matthew 12.1-8 = Mark 2.23-28 = Luke 6.1-5.

Current mode: View.

Notes and quotes.

§ I count the following agreements between Matthew and Luke against Mark:

  1. Matthew 12.1 has και εσθιειν (and to eat) and Luke 6.1 has και ησθιον (and they ate) where Mark 2.23 has no parallel.
  2. Matthew 12.2 and Luke 6.2 both have δε (but or and) where Mark 2.24 has και (and). A common agreement.
  3. Matthew 12.2 and Luke 6.2 both have the aorist ειπαν (they said) where Mark 2.24 has the imperfect ελεγον (they were saying).
  4. Matthew 12.3 and Luke 6.3 each have the definite article ο (the), the former as a change of subject with δε, the latter with the actual subject Ιησους (Jesus). Mark 2.25 lacks the article.
  5. Matthew 12.3 and Luke 6.3 both use the aorist ειπεν (he said) where Mark uses the historic present λεγει (he says).
  6. Matthew 12.4 and Luke 6.4 have τοις μετ αυτου (those with him) while Mark 2.26 uses a different preposition (entailing a different case for the object of the preposition) in the expression τοις συν αυτω (those with him).(
  7. Matthew 12.4 has μονοις (alone) and Luke 6.4 has μονους (alone) where Mark 2.26 has no parallel word.

§ From Epiphanius, Panarion 30.16, writing of the Ebionites and the gospel according to the Hebrews:

Ου φασκουσι δε εκ θεου πατρος αυτον γεγεννησθαι, αλλα εκτισθαι, ως ενα των αρχαγγελων, μειζονα δε αυτων οντα, αυτον δε κυριευειν και αγγελων και παντων υπο του παντοκρατορος πεποιημενων, και ελθοντα και υφηγησαμενον, ως το παρ αυτοις κατα Εβραιους ευαγγελιον καλουμενον περιεχει, οτι Ηλθον καταλυσαι τας θυσιας, και εαν μη παυσησθε του θυειν, ου παυσεται αφ υμων η οργη.

And they say that he was not engendered from God the father, but created, as one of the archangels, but being greater than they are, and that he is Lord both of angels and of all things made by the creator of all, and that he came also to declare, as the gospel among them called according to the Hebrews has: I came to abolish the sacrifices, and, if you do not cease to sacrifice, the wrath will not cease from you.

§ This pericope is also available in a somewhat different format in a file supplied by a correspondent of mine named Ovadyah, who has modified certain synopses by S. C. Carlson in order to take broad text types into account.